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American Amphibious Gunboats in World War II: A History of by Robin L. Rielly

By Robin L. Rielly

Because the usa all started its crusade opposed to various Japanese-held islands within the Pacific, jap strategies required them to advance new guns and techniques. essentially the most an important to the island attacks used to be a brand new crew of amphibious gunboats which may carry heavy fireplace shut in to shore as American forces landed. those gunboats have been additionally to turn out very important within the interdiction of inter-island barge site visitors and, overdue within the struggle, the kamikaze hazard. a number of diversifications of those gunboats have been built, in response to the troop sporting LCI(L). They incorporated 3 conversions of the LCI(L), with quite a few mixtures of weapons, rockets and mortars, and a fourth gunboat, the LCS(L), according to a similar hull yet designed as a guns platform from the start. via the top of the conflict the amphibious gunboats had confirmed their worthy.

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Additional info for American Amphibious Gunboats in World War II: A History of LCI and LCS(L) Ships in the Pacific

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While his two heavy cruisers both carried radar, these were the unreliable and short-ranged SC version. His two light cruisers carried the much superior SG radar. Sticking to tradition, Scott selected one of the heavy cruisers as his flagship. This unfortunate choice had great ramifications in the battle. Scott was also unaware of the true capabilities of the Japanese Type 93 long-range torpedo, so his assumption that cruiser gunnery would out-range Japanese torpedoes was another fundamental flaw.

The next morning, at 1026hrs, a Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) Hudson aircraft spotted Mikawa east of Bougainville. The RAAF crew reported the Japanese force as “three cruisers, three destroyers, two seaplane tenders or gunboats” on a southeasterly course at 15 knots. A second Hudson spotted Mikawa again at 1101hrs and gave a report that included two heavy cruisers, two light cruisers and one unknown ship. The Allied naval force operating off Guadalcanal was under the overall command of Rear Admiral Richmond Turner.

The Americans now dominated the waters around the island during the day, which made the use of transports to bring troops to the island impossible. This was confirmed during the battle of the Eastern Solomons when a small Japanese convoy was turned back by airpower. Over time, it proved impossible for the Japanese to suppress the airfield using bombers from Rabaul or aircraft from carriers. In mid-September, a Japanese attempt to take the airfield with a brigade failed. This failure seemed to galvanize the Japanese into making a real effort to bring decisive forces to bear.

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