By Peter Aggleton, Peter Davies, Graham Hart
A few 12 years into the epidemic, with a good preventive vaccine or remedy opposed to HIV affliction nonetheless to be came upon, this e-book displays at the contributions of social and behavioural learn to the improvement of interventions for prevention. After over a decade's paintings documenting HIV and AIDS-related wisdom, attitudes and behavior, social researchers have all started to concentration extra essentially on perceptions of sexual security and chance, and the standards that give a contribution to those. the problems addressed through the e-book have been tested in the course of 3 significant meetings in 1994: the once a year convention of the British Sociological organization, the 2d overseas convention at the BioPsychoSocial points of AIDS and the Xth overseas convention on AIDS. The publication brings jointly key papers offered at every one of those meetings, documenting problems with focal problem to social researchers, coverage makers and overall healthiness educators within the mid-1990s.
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Extra info for AIDS: Safety, Sexuality and Risk (Social Aspects of Aids)
The aim of this chapter is to provide a critical review of the surprisingly sparse and disparate research literature that addresses the sexual behaviour and sexual health risks of gay men in the context of international travel and tourism. Before examining such research studies, however, it is of interest to consider travel and tourism among gay men, as such. This is an interesting topic in its own right quite apart from the specific sexual health dimensions highlighted so far in this discussion—not only with respect to the extent, nature and meaning of travel and tourism in the context of gay cultures and personal lifestyles, but also in terms of the economics, planning and management of gay tourist services, the marketing of gay tourist products, the sociological and psychological dimensions of the gay tourist experience and not least, the impact of gay tourism on the host communities resident in mass tourism destinations.
Explicit Discriminatory Language In all the textbooks examined, the sections on AIDS epidemiology contained the most explicit discriminatory language. The reasons for this are complex but derive in the first instance from epidemiology’s conceptual reliance on categories of people to explain infectious processes. Oppenheimer (1992), in his history of AIDS epidemiology, relates that early in the US epidemic the Center for Disease Control justified its nomination of homosexual men, Haitians and haemophiliacs as ‘high-risk groups’ for AIDS on the basis that ‘classification of individuals is intrinsic to any epidemiological investigation’ (Oppenheimer, 1992:61).
It is obvious, however, that tourism among gay men must have developed rapidly from the late 1950s onwards in line with general trends in the scale of international travel and tourism and that currently, the level of international travel/tourism among gay men is substantial. ’ Reference to publications such as Spartacus (an international gay guide published in Berlin) offers the gay traveller/tourist detailed information on the ‘attractions’ of destinations worldwide. 1 Ten ‘important gay cities’ with the largest entries identified in the 1994/95 Spartacus Guide guide, provides a clear indication of those destinations that are likely to be particularly attractive to gay men from other countries.