By Michael Lavalette
In Britain the word, 'child labour' is linked to the earlier, with kids going up chimneys and down mines. despite the fact that, actually British youngsters proceed to accomplish exhausting jobs, and British multinationals make the most baby staff around the globe. This ebook explores the theoretical context of kid labour learn sooner than contemplating the background of kid labour and concluding with the current state of affairs within the united kingdom and united states.
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Extra info for A Thing of the Past?: Child Labour in Britain 1800 to the Present
Physical punishment of children? A second example comes from the issue of child labour. It is not uncommon for researchers and activists to claim that ‘children should be allowed to work because they want to work’. Certainly there is a growing body of literature which reports children wanting work, but is this enough, on its own, to promote child labour? The issue is surely more complicated. There are a number of factors we could possibly consider. If children state that they ‘want to work’ is this because the experience of work is positive and beneficial or is it because they (and their families) need the income work brings?
However, the extent to which any of these demands has actually been met (or is even being considered beyond academic and activist circles) is open to question. In this regard the claim for rights is an agenda. That is, it is a series of political demands that challenge orthodox prescriptions regarding ‘child-rearing’ and dominant perceptions 30 A Thing of the Past? of children and their abilities; it is a critique of the social roles ascribed to children by the dominant paradigm of childhood. In place of this paradigm it puts forward a reform platform aimed at prioritizing children’s needs and promoting the idea that children are a group whose voice should be heard and opinions taken seriously.
For Holt (1974), Franklin (1986, 1995) and Franklin and Franklin (1996) this includes the right to vote, work and own property, in essence, full ‘modern’ citizenship rights should be made available to the socially excluded child. Franklin (1995) recognizes that rights can sometimes best be met by protective and welfare 34 A Thing of the Past? measures, as indeed adult rights are often guaranteed in this way via ‘social rights’ of citizenship (see Turner, 1986), but he argues that children’s rights should be extended to include ‘liberty rights’.