By Birkhoff G.D.
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7 shows an example of statistical studies performed with New Solar Telescope (NST) of Big Bear Solar Observatory. Observations were done with adaptive optics correction using TiO 7057 Å line with 10 s time cadence (Abramenko et al. 2010). 7 shows the probability distribution functions (PDFs) for the diameter, D, lifetime, LT, and maximum intensity, Imax , of bright points tracked during about 2 h period. 6 % of bright points live less than 120 s. The lifetime distribution function follows a log-normal approximation for all features with lifetime exceeding 100 s.
If line of force does not branch, then it cannot have a beginning or an end. Hence, it was postulated that there are three classes of nonbranching lines of force: (1) those that start at infinity and end at infinity; (2) those that remain in a bounded volume (closed or nonclosed) and (3) field lines that originate at infinity but are trapped within a finite volume. These early studies of various magnetic field configurations and their properties form the basis for the studies of magnetic field structures and their effects on various plasmas.