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Additional info for A Perspective on Agent Systems: Paradigm, Formalism, Examples
It is necessary to adjust the problem in such a way that it could be solved by the algorithms that cooperate with each other by the appropriate encoding the problem (task) in the form of the chosen state of the environment x00 ∈ X0 . • Further, it is necessary to prepare the cooperating algorithms for an action properly choosing the initial internal states of the algorithms, which for Alg1 may be denoted by x10 , and x20 for the algorithm Alg2 . These states should be chosen in such a way that there would be a situation in which either the pair (x00 , x10 ) belongs to the domain of the function f1 , and then the algorithm Alg1 starts the “action”, or the pair (x00 , x20 )) belongs to the domain of the function f2 , which makes the algorithm Alg2 perform the first “move”.
On the basis of the observation result, the agent Ag1 may define (estimate) the state of the agent Ag2 , in other words the state of (values) its internal parameters. In order to do that, the agent Ag1 must possess some knowledge about the agent Ag2 , and especially some knowledge about the function f2 and its effect on the changes of the state of the environment X0 , as well as its influence on the state of that agent X2 (Fig. 13). The process of defining the values of parameters (x2 ) may be realized with greater or lesser precision, depending on specific, practical possibilities.
The initiative to operate—in other words, to create an algorithm (or at least its part) comes from the outside of the object, most often from another algorithm, therefore it depends on the communication process between the objects. The object as an independent entity may relocate in the computer networks and may be used in different environments constituting a handy element for the construction of distributed systems in practice. However, the object needs an external signal of activation to undertake the action.