By Christine Yi Lai Luk
This e-book provides a concise background of biophysics in modern China, from approximately 1949 to 1976. It outlines how a technological know-how distinctiveness developed from an ambiguous and amorphous box right into a fully-fledged educational self-discipline within the socio-institutional contexts of latest China. The booklet relates how, whereas at the beginning such as phone biologists, the chinese language biophysics neighborhood redirected their disciplinary priorities towards rocket technology within the past due Nineteen Fifties to house the nationwide pursuits of the time. Biophysicists who had labored on organic sounding rockets have been interested in the army area and endured to give a contribution to human spaceflight in post-Mao China. in addition to the rocket-and-space missions which supplied the cloth context for biophysics to extend within the overdue Fifties and early Nineteen Sixties, chinese language biophysicists additionally created learn and academic courses surrounding biophysics by way of exploiting the institutional possibilities afforded by way of the coverage emphasis on science's position to force modernization. The booklet explores and demonstrates the collective achievements and struggles of chinese language biophysicists in development their medical discipline.
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Additional resources for A History of Biophysics in Contemporary China
Accessed 21 Dec 2014 LaFraniere S (2010) Fighting trend, China is luring scientists home. The New York Times, 6 January Lepeshinskaya OB (1936) Zur Frage nach der Neubildung von Zellen im tierischen Organismus. 1. Bildung von Zellen und Blutinseln aus Dotterkugeln beim Hühnerembryo. Hnerembryo. Cytologia 7:54–81 Lepeshinskaya OB (1937) Zur Frage nach der Neubildung von Zellen im tierischen Organismus. 2. Mitteilung Neuere Ergebnisse über die Bildung von Zellen und Blutinseln aus den Dotterkugeln des Hühnerembryos, hnerembryos.
A popular attitude held that since cell reformation was similar to Lepeshinskaya’s work, and since she failed, therefore it was difﬁcult for the work of cell reformation to obtain positive results. Hu’s tactic was to highlight the differences between Bei and Lepeshinskaya in terms of research materials, theoretical emphases, and experimental conditions. Hu’s point was that although there were some overlaps between Bei and Lepeshinskaya, their differences should not be overlooked. Their dissimilarities were more substantive and suggestive than their superﬁcial similarities.
B. Lepeshinskaya between 1936 and 1937. Her name is now infamous among historians of science, and for good reasons. B. ” It was later revealed that the alleged bearer of all vital processes and materials for producing cells—“vital substance”—was founded upon Stalin’s blessing rather than replicable results. Her reputation was completely destroyed as her experimental results failed to stand the test of other scientists (Zhinkin and Mikhailov 1958). ’” (Rapoport 1991, p. 266) Although Lepeshinskaya’s meteoric rise did not last long, the political repercussions were more far-reaching.