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A Companion to the History of American Science by Georgina M. Montgomery

By Georgina M. Montgomery

A better half to the background of yankee Science bargains a suite of essays that provide an authoritative evaluation of the newest scholarship at the background of yankee science.

  • Covers themes together with astronomy, agriculture, chemistry, eugenics, substantial technology, army expertise, and more
  • Features contributions by way of the main entire students within the box of technological know-how history
  • Covers pivotal occasions in U.S. historical past that formed the improvement of technological know-how and technology coverage comparable to WWII, the chilly struggle, and the Women’s Rights movement

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Extra info for A Companion to the History of American Science

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ANTHROPOLOGY 27 Other Boasians went on to similar acclaim and success. Edward Sapir (1884–1939), like Boas himself a Jewish immigrant, became a foundational figure in anthropological linguistics. He conducted much of his early fieldwork in California, some of it with Kroeber’s informant Ishi, and in Utah, where he developed a close relationship with his own Paiute informant Tony Tillohash (Darnell 1990). On the basis of that work, Sapir argued that, psychologically, language and expression functioned differently across cultures, an approach he and his student Benjamin Lee Whorf expanded into a theory of linguistic cultural relativity (Koerner 1992; Whorf 1956).

Similar to MacKenzie’s (1991) triangular partnership, Rosenberg (1997) argues that the United States’ early success in agricultural research was a result of a three-way partnership between universities, experiment stations, and extension services. The last of these was established to disseminate research results, such as new crop types, machinery, and cultivation methods, to the larger farming community (Thompson and Noll 2014). These extension services are state-operated and focus on providing information on advances important within regional contexts, providing training for farmers in all areas of practical farm management, and on recommending efficient fertilizer levels.

Linguists and archaeologists increasingly worked in separate departments, while physical anthropologists, now rechristened biological anthropologists, took on research problems that were often disconnected from sociocultural anthropology. Even within cultural anthropology, theorists struggled to find common ground – all the more so when waves of poststructuralist theory and postmodern critique broke over the field, prompting anthropologists to rekindle debates about whether or not their discipline was indeed a science at all.

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